What is Purine?
Purine is a type of organic compound that is found in various foods and is also naturally produced by the body’s cells as part of normal metabolism. Purines are essential components of DNA, RNA, and other important molecules involved in cellular function and energy metabolism.
Foods that are high in purines include red meat, organ meats (such as liver and kidney), certain types of seafood (like sardines, anchovies, and shellfish), and some types of beans and legumes.
Below is the food purine table:
|List of Food
|Extremely High Purine Foods
Some aquatic products
|Liver, Kidney, Brain, Spleen, Intestine, etc.
Crayfish, Caviar, Lobster, Scallops, Sardines etc.
Thick broth, Thick fish soup, Seafood hot pot soup
|High Purine Foods
(Purine content around 75 to 150mg/100g)
|Pork, Beef, Lamb, Donkey, etc.
Chicken, Duck, etc.
Bass, Carp, Crucian carp, Abalone, etc.
Prawn, Shellfish, Crab, etc.
Soy beans, Black beans, Mung beans, etc.
|Moderate Purine Foods
(Purine content around 30 to 75mg/100g)
|Dark green leafy vegetables
Some aquatic products
|Leafy greens such as Spinach, Tender stems such as Asparagus
White cauliflower etc
Edamame, Green peas, etc.
Salmon, Tuna, etc.
Soy milk, Dried tofu, Tofu skin, Yuba, Tofu, etc.
|Low Purine Foods
Light-colored leafy vegetables
Chinese cabbage, etc.
Potatoes, Taro, Sweet Potato, Tapioca
Tomato, Eggplant, etc.
Winter melon, etc.
Millet, Buckwheat, Oatmeal
Grapes, Apple, Strawberry, etc.
Rice, Buns, etc.
Below are 7 Foods to Lower Uric Acid Level：
Low-fat dairy products can lower blood uric acid levels and reduce the incidence of gout.
Soy products (such as bean curd, tofu, soy milk, etc) can make up for the reduction in protein intake caused by restricting red meat intake, and can also reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.
In recent years, many studies have shown that eating vegetables rich in purines does not increase the level of blood uric acid and the incidence of gout. Eating a large amount of vegetables can alkalize the urine, which is beneficial to the excretion of uric acid, thereby reducing the level of blood uric acid.
Choose to consume fruits with low fructose content such as green plums, cucumbers, watermelons, coconut water, strawberries, cherries, pineapples, peaches, plums, olives, etc.
It is recommended that gout patients eat less fruits with high fructose such as apples, figs, oranges, lychees, persimmons, longan, bananas, bayberry, and pomegranates.
The uric acid-lowering effect of oral vitamin C has been used in clinical practice with an average dose of 500 mg/day (daily intake for adults should not exceed 2000 mg).
Vitamin C may reduce serum uric acid by promoting uric acid excretion and inhibiting uric acid.
Tea has a uric acid-lowering mechanism that similar to coffee, but tea also has components that increase blood uric acid. Tea drinking has no significant effect on blood uric acid levels. Gout patients can choose whether to drink tea according to their own preferences.
Drink Plenty of Water
Drink 2,000 ml of water a day, and drink more boiled water to dilute uric acid, accelerate excretion, and reduce uric acid levels.
Drink less broth, fish soup, chicken soup, hot pot soup, etc., because these soups contain a lot of purines.
Invigorating The Kidney
The kidneys are in charge of excretion. If you want to excrete uric acid as soon as possible, you have to rely on kidney function. If the kidneys are good, the natural excretion is good. Usually, you can eat more foods that strengthen the kidneys, such as rehmannia, dogwood, yam, Alisma, Paeonol, and Poria.
Can patients with high uric acid consume oatmeal? Why?
1. Patients with high uric acid can eat oatmeal. Patients with high uric acid should not eat foods with high purine content, and 100 grams of oatmeal contains 24.4 mg of purines, which are low purine foods and suitable for patients with high uric acid.
2. Oatmeal is rich in starch, protein, fat, dietary fiber, B vitamins, niacin, folic acid, pantothenic acid, calcium, iron and other nutrients, which can promote gastrointestinal motility, reduce blood sugar, blood lipids, and blood pressure.
3. Oatmeal contains plant-based protein, which can supplement protein. Generally, adults need about 0.8-1 grams of oatmeal per kilogram of body weight, which can be increased or decreased according to the diet of the day. It is recommended that an adult weighing 50 kilograms consume 50-100 grams of oatmeal per day. It is recommended that patients with high uric acid consume oatmeal about 1-3 times a week.
4. The dietary principle of high uric acid is low-fat and low-salt, and don’t put too much sugar. You can directly brew oatmeal with hot water, eat milk oatmeal, or cook oatmeal with rice, millet, etc. into porridge to drink. Vegetables rich in vitamin B and vitamin C can also be added to the oatmeal to help the excretion of uric acid. Since the purine content of staple foods such as rice, millet, and corn is lower than that of oatmeal, it is recommended to mix oatmeal with other staple foods to reduce purine intake.
What to do with high uric acid? How to reduce it?
In the case of high uric acid but no symptoms, and if the doctor recommends treatment, the most recommended thing is to drink plenty of water. Antibiotics treatment course of drug is 7 days, and the uric acid value can be reduced within three weeks, and the reduction rate is 89%. Generally, don’t drink alcohol during the medication and strictly control seafood.
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